Fennel, Bronze & Green (Foeniculum vulgare) organically grown flower seeds. Floral Encounters.
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Item # Packet size Nett Weight Number Seeds(approx) Price Qty
Small 0.21 g 100 Seeds $2.80
Medium 0.42 g 200 Seeds $5.00

Please note: all seeds are sold by weight and seed count is approximate.

To keep seed prices low much of our seed is semi cleaned. More Info


Mounds of glorious light lacy fern like leaves in a mixture of bronze or smoky purple and green which often seem to hang like smoke. The plant is strongly scented with a sweet licorice flavor and scent will waft over the entire garden. At our farm the scent is noticeable a whole field away! It makes a wonderful plant all on it's own or an interesting backdrop as the bi colored fern like foliage makes an excellent contrasting backdrop for many smaller plants.. It's delicate lacy foliage adds a sense of light and air to any bed. In summer it produces tall stems up to 6 feet (2m) bearing tiny sulphur yellow flowers that are very important for pollinator insects as well as feed predatory insects which keep down other less desirable bugs in your garden. Planting several in the vegetable garden helps repel pests. The foliage is also a very important food source for the Eastern Black Swallowtail butterfly. So plant quite a few an allow the caterpillars to munch on them too and help save this beautiful butterfly. Fennel is of course well known as a digestive aid and is ideal after heavy meals causing indigestion and heartburn. Its used in many OTC medications as well as herbal formulas and is a must herb for any garden. Leaves and seeds can be dried for instant use when indigestion strikes. Deer do not eat this plant! Neither do rabbits.

Description of Bronze And Green Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare).
Hardy in Zones 5-9. This perennial plant dies down in winter and sends up shoots in early spring that develop into fluffy fern like leaves. These leaves are very three dimensional comprising of a center stalk that is mostly round, hollow ands looks sort of inflated. At intervals along the central stem are the 'leaflets' that sprout in all directions like a circle around the stem. These consist of smaller central stems from which branch at intervals a second set of circular 'leaflets' which are mostly round thin segments branching in all directions. Each segment is fleshy and aromatic. This give the whole leaf a very fern like fluffy appearance which can be either green, smoky bronze or purple giving the plant a delightful fluffy mounded look. Leaves can be up to tree feet in length in the base rosette and rising up to about 24-30 inches (61-76cm). In mid summer tall stiff branching stems arise up to 6 feet (2m) tall. These have small leaves at the nodes but are for the most part leaf free. Each branch ends in a flower head, that consists of a mostly flat (umbel) of small flower heads The whole head is composed of many small flower heads each with their own long stalk that are arranged in a mostly round head with lines of tiny flower head. Each individual head is composed of its own group of tiny sulphur yellow flowers consisting of four petals each. Flower are followed by long banana shaped seeds with deep striations all around, seeds are first green turning brown when ripe. The whole plant has a strong anise, sweet licorice aroma.

Growing Bronze And Green Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) from Seed.
Easy to grow from seed. Can either be started indoors in mid to late winter or outdoors once danger of frost has passed. Fennel produces a strong tap root that does not like to be disturbed.

Indoors. Start seeds in small pots 2-3 seeds per pot. using peat or other biodegradable pots is ideal. Lightly cover and place in good light or under grow lights. Once seeds germinate either keep as a small group or remove the weak seedlings leaving only the strong one. For more information on starting seeds see our general growing instructions.

Transplanting. Tap root forms early on fennel and does not like to be disturbed. Thus using the biodegradable pots they can just be dropped into holes in the ground without issue. If using plastic pots check them regularly and as soon as roots appear at the bottom of the pot OR the plant has reached about three inches in height, it can be transplanted. Ensure plants are hardened off before transplanting or shade plants after transplant. Dig a hole slightly larger than the pot then carefully loosen soil in pot and transfer the whole plant with soil into the hole without disturbing the roots. Water in well.

Direct sowing. Can be done as soon as frost has departed. Choose location carefully as plants cannot be moved once they are established. Prepare soil and remove weeds place 2-3 seeds in each spot about 18" (46cm) apart. Seeds can either be left as groups or weaker seedlings removed as plants grow.

Location and Care of Bronze And Green Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare).
Fennel likes full sun and well drained soil Does not do well in poorly drained soils or heavy clay as this can rot the tap root.
Ensure it has good water as it is establishing but once its taken hold its fairly drought tolerant. However will get many more leaves and seeds if some water is given throughout the growing season. Takes little care once established just some weeding around the base of the plants.

We recommend growing a large group of fennel plants because the Eastern Black Swallowtail butterflies like to lay their eggs here, its a preferred plant. Small seedlings may need to be protected to ensure they are not eaten to death by the caterpillars but once plants are established they can endure caterpillar browsing and helping to keep a such a beautiful species alive is with a few fennel leaves. So grow some for you and some for them.

Fennel does not transplant well once its established the tap root goes deep and does not like being moved. Unless a huge chunk of soil around the plant is moved with it to ensure roots are not disturbed most mature fennel plants die on transplant. Small seedlings can be transplanted carefully from pots to their final location if roots are not disturbed.

Overwintering. Zones 7b and warmer just leave plants until spring.
Zones 6b-7a may want to use just a small amount of mulch over the plant crowns to help keep plants warm if their is a strong cold snap. For 6a and colder a much heavier mulch is recommended. Above zone 5 fennel is best grown as an annual or in large pots that can be moved inside a attached garage during the winter months to avoid freezing to hard.
We suggest not cutting stems in fall as many beneficial insects like to overwinter in the hollow stems and others lay their egg cases on them ready for spring hatching. Stems can also offer winter interest to the garden. Remove last years stalks as leaves begin to emerge from the ground.
In zones

Pollinator and Wildlife with Bronze And Green Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare).
When working to encourage wildlife and especially Eastern Black Swallowtail butterflies grow several plants as the large caterpillars can devastate only one plant. Spread across several plants the damage caused by their eating is not server. Offering a plant to help these beautiful creatures ensures they visit your garden and gives you a great talking point. Native pollinators love these flowers. Umbel flowers like fennel produce attract different pollinators than the native bees, bumble bees and honey bees that visit other flowers. It is important to include umbel flowers in a garden to ensure that all pollinator species are provided with foods and helps to increase pollinator diversity. It also provides feeding grounds for predatory insects which find easy food here then go on to remove things like aphids and other pest insects from your garden.

Deer do not eat this plant! However moles and voles will eat out the roots over the winter, so take preventative measures if these pests are in your area.

Harvesting Bronze And Green Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)
Leaves are best harvested in the spring before the flower stalks begin to form. Seeds can be harvested green or brown and ripe. green seeds should be allowed to fatten out before harvesting the whole head. Harvest ripe seeds by mid to late fall or the seeds will drop.

Culinary Uses of Bronze And Green Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)
Both the foliage and the seeds are edible. The leaves can be picked and just chewed, a nice aromatic snack when wandering the garden. Use in salads or many different recipes, just snip off what you need for cooking or use the foliage as a filler in flower arrangements and bring the wonderful aroma indoors. Can be dried or frozen for future use.
Seeds are prized in sausage making and are used in Chinese and many wok created dishes. Cut seeds before they turn brown and finish ripening inside for the best flavor.

Medical uses of Bronze And Green Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)
Fennel has also been used as a medicinal plant for centuries. It is commonly used to relieve flatulence and colic while stimulating digestion. It's also a carminative anti-spasmodic, anti-inflammatory, and is similar to anise in calming bronchial coughs. It is used in many herbal digestive formulas as well as OTC ones from the pharmacy. Its also included in toothpaste and other digestive aids.

Other uses of Bronze And Green Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)
Stems can be cut while still green as used either to make decorative aromatic stick bundles or incorporated into craft projects to give them a delightful aroma as the sticks dry. Once dry they still retain their aroma but its not as powerful unless the sticks are rubbed occasionally.

Item # Packet size Nett Weight Number Seeds(approx) Price Qty
Small 0.21 g 100 Seeds $2.80
Medium 0.42 g 200 Seeds $5.00

Please note: all seeds are sold by weight and seed count is approximate.

To keep seed prices low much of our seed is semi cleaned. More Info